Marco Polo Marco Polo's journeys through Asia (1271–95) are chronicled in his Travels of Marco Polo. Marco, his father, and his uncle left Venice in 1271 and arrived in China in 1275. The Polos were in China for a total of 17 years. Inc. Encyclopaedia Britannica The family looks to have been astute, vigilant, and brave. They acquired considerable wealth in China, but when they returned to Europe they were poor.
In conclusion, we can say that Marco Polo spent about 20 years in China between 1271 and 1291. He came back and wrote down what he had seen and heard during those years.
Marco Polo stayed in exile for 24 years. Though he was not the first European to visit China—his father and uncle, among others—he became famous for his travels because to a popular book he co-wrote while imprisoned in Genoa. This book described his experiences traveling through Asia on behalf of the king of Venice.
He made more than 500 miles of travel each year during his three-year expedition. His descriptions of various cities, ports, and kingdoms attracted many readers who wanted to see these places themselves. So much interest was aroused by his book that copies still sell today even though he wrote in Latin rather than Italian or French.
Polo's story also had another important factor in its favor: it was told in narrative form with detailed descriptions of people, places, and events. This made it easy for readers to follow along and enjoy this adventure as he did.
Furthermore, like most great writers of his time, he used poetry and fiction to enhance his story. He included anecdotes, personal observations, and even conversations with different people encountered along his route to add color and life to his writing.
Last but not least, Marco Polo showed his readers a different side of Asia that they never knew existed. In his books he described countries with modern names such as Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
Marco Polo (1254–1324) was a Venetian trader who traveled across Asia at the Mongol Empire's peak. At the age of 17, he headed off with his father and uncle, going overland over what became known as the Silk Road. They visited China, India, Syria, Egypt, and Africa before returning to Venice.
Polo's travel writings were important in making Europe aware of other civilizations beyond the Arab world. He described countries such as Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Iran and their culture including their cities, trade routes, and military practices. His book Mondo de' Mongoli ("World of the Mongols") is considered one of the first global travel guides.
He is most famous for having lived among the Mongols for several years and written about their lives and customs. These accounts, now referred to as "the only reliable source of information on the Mongols," helped to establish his reputation as a great traveler and ambassador.
After returning home, Polo founded a trading company that operated under the royal flag of Venice. With this business partner, he traveled around Asia again, this time bringing goods from Europe to sell in Asia. The company eventually failed, but by then Polo was rich enough to become a knight and enter politics.
When Marco Polo arrived in China, he entered the court of the strong Mongol monarch Kublai Khan, who sent him on travels to assist run the kingdom. Upon his return to Venice, he wrote a book about his adventures, which included descriptions of the Chinese empire. This book, entitled The Travels of Marco Polo, still is considered one of the first reliable accounts of Europe beyond its borders.
In 1271, the city-state of Venice signed a treaty with the Mongol Empire that ensured peace between their countries. Under this agreement, any citizen of Venice found in the territory of the Mongol Empire could apply for asylum by sending letters to three judges, who would decide whether they should be granted citizenship. If the judges decided against them, the refugees were given work opportunities within the Venetian colony and were allowed to stay.
Venice received more than 7,000 refugees from the Mongol Empire, most of whom settled in the city's colonies. In addition, many merchants from other parts of the world came to trade with China through Venice. These foreigners were free to move about the city, conduct business, and even vote in local elections. They made up about 15% of the population of Venice!
From 1271 to 1295, Polo traveled extensively with his family, traveling from Europe to Asia and staying in China for 17 of those years. He wrote about his experiences in a book called The Travels of Marco Polo. The book was first published in Italian in 1350, but a new edition was written by Polo's grandson in 1553 with updates by other authors.
It took Marco Polo about five months to travel from Venice to the court of Kublai Khan and back. He began his journey in April 1271 and returned home in December 1275. He visited China's central plains and met many important people along the way. His adventures are recounted for us in his book The Travels of Marco Polo.
During his time in China, Marco Polo learned about the country from its inhabitants themselves. He talked to farmers, fishermen, soldiers, painters, jewelers, and doctors. What made his trip unique is that he didn't just visit China, but he lived there for several years. In fact, he married into a Chinese trading family and had three children with his wife's sister.
After leaving China, Marco Polo traveled across Asia visiting various courts with letters of introduction from Kublai Khan. It took him five more years to reach Japan where he stayed for two years.
Marco Polo (born c. 1254 in Venice [Italy]—died January 8, 1324 in Venice), a Venetian merchant and adventurer who traveled from Europe to Asia in 1271–95, spending 17 of those years in China, and whose Il milione ("The Million"), known in English as the Travels of Marco Polo, is a classic of travel literature. He was born into a wealthy family, was educated at the University of Bologna, and later became an assistant to a trade envoy for his country. In 1271, he set out on his first major journey to the Middle East, where he spent several years trading silk for gold with the rulers of Persia and Iraq. Upon returning home, he married but was soon called back to service as a diplomat. In 1295, after another long absence, this time in China, he returned to Venice.
During his first trip, Polo met many Europeans in the courts of Persian and Chinese kings. When he returned home, he wrote down what he had seen and heard, which later formed the basis for his book. The work, originally written in Latin, was translated into English by William Alexander (1246–1323), king of Scotland, and Henry III (1239–96), king of England. It appeared in two volumes in 1298 and 1306. A third volume, covering events that had taken place after the first two volumes were published, appeared in 1353. This makes Polo's Travel Diary one of the first true international best-sellers.