Columbus and his crew traversed the Atlantic Ocean in four journeys, the first of which lasted around five weeks. Columbus set sail from the Canary Islands on September 6, 1492, and landed on October 12, 1492. The second voyage began on April 8, 1493, and ended three months and two days later on July 4, 1493. The third journey started on August 7, 1493, and reached Spain on February 18, 1494. Finally, the fourth and final trip began on March 3, 1494, and was completed on June 1, 1494.
Using this information, we can calculate how long it took Columbus and his men to travel across the Atlantic Ocean. We will use a formula that calculates the amount of time it takes to travel a certain distance with a constant speed: d = u × t where d is the distance traveled, u is the speed limit, and t is the time it takes to travel the distance.
In this case, we have d = u × t where d is the distance across the ocean, u is 60 miles per week (or 0.6 mph), and t is the number of weeks it took Columbus's crew to travel across the ocean.
Since d equals u x t, dividing both sides by u gives us t = d/u.
Christopher Columbus, an Italian adventurer, set sail across the Atlantic Ocean on August 3, 1492. He set off from Palos de la Frontera, Spain, with a crew of 90 men and three ships—the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria. The goal was to reach India by sailing west across the ocean.
During the first month of the trip, the crews ate food that had been stored during their stay in Spain. Then they sailed farther south to the Canary Islands, where they bought more food and water. They continued southward until they reached Brazil. There the sailors found gold, which helped pay for more food and water. After leaving Brazil, the ships kept crossing tropical storms all the way to Cuba, where Columbus stopped to trade goods for silver with the Indians. From there he returned home to Spain.
The voyage took about 100 days. When Christopher Columbus arrived in Spain, he had not reached India yet, but he had discovered America! He showed the King and Queen what he had seen and they paid him for his efforts.
Note that the name "America" wasn't used until much later. Before then, people called these islands the New World or the Indies.
Christopher Columbus was an adventurer. He believed that Asia was to the east of Europe and that he could reach India by sailing west.
He was wrong about both things. Asia is to the south of Europe and he didn't reach India by sailing west. Instead, his ship was destroyed by a storm near Jamaica and he was forced to turn back. However, he had discovered America and this began a period of exploration and settlement by Europeans.
As well as being an explorer, Christopher Columbus was also a trader. He brought goods from Europe including fabrics, glass, metal tools, wood products, and wine. These items were needed for trade with the Native Americans - especially gold - but they also made the settlers more wealthy themselves. In addition, he sought out new markets for Spanish products such as silver and copper.
Columbus's trip was funded in part by Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Juan II of Aragon. They wanted to find a way to send money to their sons in Spain who were fighting against the Moors in South America. The discovery of America opened up two new markets for Spanish products: one domestic and the other international.
The Atlantic Ocean Christopher Columbus set off from Palos, Spain, on August 3, 1492, with three ships: the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria. Columbus hoped to sail across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a faster maritime route to Asia. On October 12, 1492, men on the Pinta sighted land for the first time. They were likely in present-day Haiti.
Columbus's dream of finding a trade route to Asia by sailing west came up empty, but his efforts led to the discovery of America. He returned home in April 1493 with two new ships that had been refitted in Europe with American timber and equipment. He had also brought back some Native Americans as slaves or prisoners of war. One of these slaves, who knew how to speak Spanish, became famous after the event-Hernando de Soto. The other, who was probably too old or sick to work, was simply given away as food for the crew members aboard the returning ships.
Spain and Portugal fought over control of Florida and other parts of North America, but neither country managed to establish permanent settlements there. Instead, they relied on trading posts for gold and other goods. France also tried its hand at colonization, but it wasn't until 1763 that France gave up its last territory in North America - Louisiana. England took control of Canada in 1670 through the Treaty of Paris, but large areas of eastern Canada remain under the control of Russia and United States today.
The journey from Spain had taken three years and four months.
They had started out with a fleet of three small ships but one had been lost during the first month at sea. Then another two small ships were added to the fleet. When they reached the Canary Islands, the third ship was lost again. So now they were left with only one vessel. But she was still too small for the number of people on board so they all lived in her cabin. There was no point in trying to reach Spain because there was no help available if anything went wrong at sea. No rescue boats, no satellites, nothing. You just kept on going and hoping for a better life somewhere else.
After several months at sea, only two men were still alive. The rest had died of starvation or disease. One of the survivors was Bartolomeu Dias who was chosen by Columbus to be his chief navigator. Before he died, he told Columbus how to find America.
That's why Columbus decided to keep heading west even though he knew this was not right. He wanted to follow in Dias' footsteps and find a way through to Asia.