It is estimated that at least 3,000 people died. As if it wasn't enough, portions of the bridge fell on 1281, 1309, 1425, and 1437. The collapse in 1281 was caused by growing ice from the frozen Thames, which physically destroyed five of the arches. The one in 1309 was due to damage caused by Edward II during construction of Ponte San Giovanni in Genoa.
The one in 1425 was due to damage caused by Henry V during construction of Saint Paul's Cathedral. The one in 1437 was also due to damage caused by a military campaign; this time against France. Parts of the bridge were destroyed again in 1538 during the invasion of England by Charles I. The last known death occurred in 1766.
However, experts believe that the real figure is much higher. First, because the records after 1666 are incomplete. Second, because there are likely more deaths than listed official records. For example, an epidemic disease that spread through London in 1665 is believed to have killed between 20,000 and 60,000 people.
London Bridge became a symbol of tragedy and destruction throughout the world. It has been reported that it takes only two pounds ($2.50) to build one mile (1.6 km) of it. Today, part of the old bridge remains, but most of it has been replaced by over 100 years of technological advances.
A 200-metre piece of the bridge, including one of its three supporting towers, fell a few minutes later. The disaster killed 43 individuals and displaced 600 others. It is considered Italy's worst construction accident.
The Genoa bridge was built in the 1930s and connected the city to its port. It had been deemed unfit for use after suffering damage during World War II. In 2001, repairs were done to make it safe for vehicles to cross, at a cost of $12 million.
However, work on the bridge wasn't finished and it collapsed during a heavy rainstorm on January 18, 2013. The cause of the collapse has not been determined yet but may have been due to overloading or design defects.
Among the victims were two Italians who were visiting Genoa for the wedding of a friend. They were walking across the bridge when it collapsed: one woman and one man. Also killed were four French tourists; two women and two men; and a Brazilian tourist who used to work as a chef at a hotel near the bridge. The last person to die was an Italian engineer who was conducting repairs on the bridge just before it collapsed.
After the incident, Prime Minister Mario Monti ordered an investigation into the causes of the tragedy.
46. Around 5 p.m. on December 15, the eyebar collapsed, triggering a chain of subsequent failures that led to the bridge collapsing. It was rush hour, and the bridge was congested. Thirty-one automobiles were thrown into the frigid waters of the Ohio River. Twenty-one individuals survived the tragedy, while 46 died.
It is one of the world's worst structural disasters. It ranks with the Morecambe Bay submarine disaster of 1958 and the San Francisco earthquake of 1989.
The number of deaths exceeded the number killed in the three other largest American bridges tragedies combined. The others are the Mississippi River bridge in Gandy d'Antonio, Louisiana (1970: 69 dead); the Dulles Airport bridge in Virginia (1983: 63 dead); and the Mineta Transportation Institute bridge in San Jose (1989: 49 dead).
Silver Bridge was a four-lane highway overpassing the Ohio River near West Virgina City. It was opened in 1951 and had a length of 710 feet. The road connection between Kentucky and West Virginia gave birth to several industries in both states. In 1951, there were about 100 vehicles that crossed the bridge every day. But by 2007, this number had increased to 10,000 per day. The boom in tourism attracted more traffic which caused the bridge to become overcrowded and unstable.