The USS Intrepid is one of the most historic boats in the US Navy, having participated in several major operations during her 30-year lifetime. Since the 1980s, the ship has been docked in New York City, where it currently houses the Intrepid Sea, Air, and Space Museum. The vessel was launched in 2001 and completed four years later.
The boat was named after John F. Kennedy's father, Joseph P. Kennedy, who served as U.S. Senator from Massachusetts from 1953 to 1969. She is also called the JFK Carrier. The vessel was designed by the Lockheed Martin team that also built the Gerald R. Ford aircraft carrier. She features an aviation training facility, a naval museum, and a theater.
A voyage from New York to Chicago would have taken an intrepid person around six weeks in 1800; travel timings beyond the Mississippi River were not even documented. Three decades later, the voyage was reduced to three weeks, and by the mid-nineteenth century, the New York-Chicago train route took only two days. The history of American revolution
The journey from New York to Chicago in 1800 took about six weeks. Traveling by ship was then a difficult and dangerous undertaking because there were no highways back then. The most efficient way to travel was by horse or mule between towns when you didn't want to use up too much time waiting for trains that might not arrive until late at night.
New York to Chicago is 845 miles. You can drive this distance in seven hours and fifteen minutes today. Mileage charts show that one could earn a decent living as a traveling salesman in those days.
The first stage road across New Jersey was completed in 1770, but traffic was still mostly local. In 1808, Congress authorized construction of a national road from Cumberland, Maryland, to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, but this road passed through sparsely populated territory and wasn't immediately popular with merchants or travelers.
In 1852, it took 43 days to travel from New York to San Francisco via the Panama Canal. The journey started on April 24 when the SS Great Western left New York for Panama. It arrived in San Francisco on July 31 after stopping at various ports along the way. The cost of the passage was $12,000.
The fastest route between New York and San Francisco is now by air, but there were no flights between these two cities until 1989 when Pan American Airways introduced a daily flight between JFK and SFO. Before that, the only option was to sail or ride the Pacific Railroad Company ferry across the Atlantic or America's canals.
In addition to boats, trains were also used for transportation across America before the advent of the car. The first railroad to reach California was the San Diego & Arizona Railway which opened in 1873. It was followed by the Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad in 1876, the San Francisco & Oakland Railroad in 1879, and the Portland, Oregon & Pacific Railroad in 1880. By 1890, over 100 miles of track connected San Francisco with Portland.
The Panama Canal opened in 1914, and soon became popular among ship owners who wanted to save on shipping costs.