5600 feet Everest Base Camp, located at the foot of Everest on the Khumbu Glacier, is at a height of 5600 meters and is reached in nine days with two entire rest days en route. It is absolutely possible in terms of acclimatisation profile as long as you don't go too fast. The highest point on Earth is still further up ahead.
The journey from Kathmandu to Base Camp takes about ten days. During this time, you will have to adapt to the altitude changes by taking rest days when it gets too high and going back down again. The best time to visit Everest is between April and October when the weather is good and there are no major storms raging across the mountain.
At Base Camp, there are many lodges where you can stay. They all offer very similar facilities so it's a matter of preference as to which one you choose. There are also several shops at Base Camp that sell food supplies and other necessary items. These open during the months of June to September.
Everest has been called the roof of the world because most of its surface is above sea level. However, only 3 percent of that is land, the remaining 97% is ocean. Even though it's a small fraction, this means that almost every altitude gain or loss on Everest affects the water level in the ocean somewhere else.
Around two months Most Everest treks last about two months. In late March, climbers begin to arrive at the mountain's base camps. Base camp on the more popular south side is roughly 5,300 meters above sea level and situated at the foot of the icefall, the first significant challenge. From base camp, climbers attempt to reach the summit via the steep and dangerous Khumbu Icefall. The route up the western side of the mountain is called the Western Cwm. It is considered the easier option, though not necessarily safer. The eastern approach is called the Rongbuk Valley and leads to the north side of the mountain near the 8,848-meter (29,029-foot) peak of Nuptse.
The journey from base camp to the top of Everest is challenging for its own sake. But even more difficult is the descent down the other side. Because of this, many people choose to stop halfway down and rest before attempting the return trip. This is when they call it a day and descend to one of the numerous staging areas where guides pick up clients who have stopped climbing.
Clients who continue all the way to the top of Everest are called "summiters." Those who reach the top but do not stay there long enough to be considered true summiters are known as "northers."
Climbing Everest is dangerous.
Everything begins with the Khumbu Glacier, a 10-mile (17-kilometer) river of ice that begins at roughly 25,000 feet on the Lhotse Face (7,600m). The Khumbu Icefall is the portion between Everest Base Camp (17,300'/5270m) and immediately below Camp 1 at 19,500'/5943m. It is here where most climbers experience their first view of Mount Everest and begin their march to the summit.
The Icefall is divided into three distinct sections: Upper, Middle, and Lower. They are separated by elevation gains of up to 3,300 feet (1,006 m), which require climbing through large blocks of rock called seracs. The Icefall flows down from the mountain's central peak toward the south pole. As it does, it covers more than half of its total height before beginning its gradual retreat each year during the spring thaw.
Upper Icefall: At an average altitude of about 26,000 feet (8,050 m), this is the highest and most dangerous section of the trail. Climbers must scramble over huge blocks of ice called seracs or sailers that can be as big as buses or trucks. Some people call these pieces of ice "flying dumplings" for their resemblance to Chinese dumplings. Others have been known to fall through thin air to their deaths while trying to climb over a serac!
Then you spend three to four weeks climbing and descending the mountain to set up camps with food, fuel, and oxygen. The average time from arrival at Base Camp to summit is 40 days. The Sherpas perform the hard lifting on most climbs, so you're acclimating your body to the high altitude.
You remain at the top of Everest for several hours, depending on how far you go. The typical climb lasts seven to eight hours, but some people have been known to climb faster than that. When you finally reach the top, you stop to take in the view and then start the two-hour descent back to Earth.
The first person to climb Everest was a British soldier named George Mallory. They wanted to be the first to conquer the peak by walking around its north side when it was available in 1924. However, during their attempt the team ran out of money and had to turn back. Only Mallory himself made it to the top, but he died in a plane crash a few months later.
Since then, dozens of others have also died while trying to reach the top of Everest. In 1980, a large earthquake near Mount Everest caused many deaths among the villages that live at the base of the mountain. Also, in 1996, an avalanche killed 16 people including one of our own scientists, who was studying environmental effects of mountaineering on the summit.
The distance between Everest Base Camp and the summit is only 42.75 miles. It's only a fleeting idea before reality slams upon you. The routes above the base camp are every mountaineer's worst nightmare, with a never-ending steep ascent, crevasse, and icefall. There's very little protection from wind or weather, and no chance of an easy descent.
To give you some perspective on how hard this climb is, here are a few other famous peaks that are easier to reach: Mauna Kea in Hawaii is merely one mile high, while Mount McKinley in Alaska is 20 miles away from Talkeetna. You need to travel over 50 miles away from home to reach a real mountain!
The closest airport to Everest Base Camp is Lhasa Lukla, but it has very limited services. A better option is Kathmandu Nepal, where you can find flights to almost any destination in the world.
The journey there will take at least a week, depending on traffic conditions and amount of stops you make along the way.
In terms of time, it takes an average climber 10 days to reach the top from base camp, although some people take less time while others take longer. If you're not sure whether you have the physical strength for this climb, then think about how you would feel if it took you ten times as long as expected to reach the top!