Tokyo and Nagoya are linked by the JR Tokaido Shinkansen train. Nozomi trains take around 100 minutes from Tokyo to Nagoya, Hikari trains take about 110 minutes, and Kodama trains take nearly three hours. There are also slower regional trains that only run between these two cities.
You can save some money by taking a bus instead of a train; buses cost less than half as much and go very fast. However, there are few direct buses so you will have to change buses or trains in Tokyo or Yokohama. The trip takes about five hours.
The easiest way to get from Tokyo to Nagoya is by plane. Both airports are well connected by flights from all over Japan and Asia. The flight takes about an hour.
From Tokyo's Haneda Airport, you can take a limousine taxi to the city center for around $100 or a regular taxi for about $150. From Narita Airport, limousine taxis are not available so you will have to take a normal taxi or bus ride into the city.
Both airports have rental-car agencies, food courts, pharmacies, doctors' offices, and other things you need after long trips on airplane food.
The distance between Tokyo and Kyoto (513,6 kilometers or 318,6 miles) is covered in 138 minutes, which means that the Nozomi (the quickest train with minimum stops) # 207 departs Tokyo at 08.00 and arrives in Kyoto at 10.18 am. The return trip leaves Kyoto at 15.45 and reaches Tokyo at 17.53.
By plane: The distance between these two cities can be flown in a little over an hour. The flight takes approximately 50 minutes door-to-door with JAL's no-frills carrier Peach. There are daily flights between Tokyo's Haneda Airport and Kyoto's Itami Airport.
The fastest way to get from Tokyo to Kyoto is by car. The journey takes about 5 hours depending on the route you take. The most direct route is to go north on the Tokaido Road from Shinjuku to Kamakura then east on the Kiso Route to Kyoto. However, we recommend using public transportation to save time.
Take the Keikyu Keihinkyuko Line from Haneda Airport to Yokohama, which also stops at Shinagawa Station. Take the JR Tokaido Shinkansen line from Kyoto Station to Shin-Yokohama Station, which takes three and a half hours by Hikari train or four hours by Kodama train. From Shin-Yokohama Station, you can continue on local trains to reach Yokohama.
The trip costs about $120 in high season, but tickets are cheaper in low season. You can buy them online at www.jr.com or from the JR East counter at most major airports. If you book in advance, there is a discount of up to 20 percent available for international flights.
Travel time by train from Haneda to Yokohama is about an hour and 10 minutes. By bus it will take about two hours. A taxi from the airport to the city center will cost around $30. It's best to download a travel app like Google Maps or Siri on your phone to find cheap routes and alternative options.
Nagoya boasts the greatest transportation network in Japan, if not the world. There isn't a single neighborhood in the city that doesn't have a station, so you can live pretty well without ever requiring a car. Because Nagoya is so tiny, no rail travel takes more than 30 minutes. The city center is only about 20 minutes by train from either of the airport terminals.
Crime and violence are very rare in Nagoya. There were only 26 crimes for every 100,000 people in 2010. That's less than one crime for every other person. By comparison, there were 90 crimes for every 100,000 people in New York City. Hostage situations are unlikely because most banks now have electronic funds transfer systems that cannot be stopped by holdups at branches. Bank robberies have become extremely rare in Japan.
Taxes are relatively high in Nagoya but low compared with other cities of its size. Property taxes are fixed according to an assessment done each year by the government. In 2009, the average property tax bill was $13,067. This is higher than in most other cities of Japan's size, but it's also below the national average of $14,744.
Health care is excellent in Nagoya. There are five major hospitals within 15 minutes' walk of any apartment building, and many smaller clinics and doctors' offices. Most major illnesses can be treated by physicians who speak English.
The Shinkansen is a bullet train that runs between Tokyo and Osaka (bullet train) The Shinkansen is the most convenient method to travel between Tokyo and Osaka (bullet train). The quickest shinkansen, the Nozomi, takes around 2 hours and 30 minutes and costs Y13,620 for a one-way ticket in an unreserved seat. There are also much slower but more affordable options available. Buses take about 9 hours and cost about Y750.
The easiest way to reach Kyoto from Tokyo is by bus. From Tokyo's Shinjuku or Hamamatsucho stations, you can take the Keihan line to Kyoto. This takes about 5 hours. The fare is about Y980. In addition, several companies run buses between these two cities. They usually leave from outside Ikebukuro station and arrive at different locations in Kyoto including Gion, Kitayama, Downtown Kyoto and Nijo jingū.
Osaka's main station is called Kansai airport terminal 3. It has many connections with other countries as well as to the local area. Buses and taxis are available outside the station entrance. A taxi from here to some popular spots in Osaka city center costs about Y500-600.
Bicycles are a good option for exploring small towns. We recommend bringing a bike from Japan because they are not easy to find outside of the country. You can rent them in most cities for about Y150-200 per day.