The Tren Urbano is a commuter metro system that connects the cities of Bayamon, Guaynabo, and San Juan. It is Puerto Rico's sole functioning rail system, with 16 stops over a 10.7-mile (17.2-kilometer) circuit. It is powered by a third rail at 750 V d.c. and runs from about 5:30 a.m. to 1:30 a.m., with limited service during holidays and special events.
The Tren Urbano was built by the Spanish government as part of an urban planning project to connect the then-separate cities of San Juan and Bayamón by train. It opened in 1983 and has been operating ever since without interruption. The system uses diesel buses instead of electric trains to make up for the lack of a power source on the island other than electricity generated from burning fossil fuels.
Puerto Rico's public transportation system has been plagued by high rates of poverty, poor management, and corruption. Despite having one of the most advanced rail systems in North America, the Tren Urbano lacks any form of subsidy and operates solely on fares collected from passengers. In addition, there are no tracks owned by a railroad company, so all stations are private property that charge rent for use as bus stops.
The Tren Urbano (English: Urban Train) is a 10.7-mile (17.2-kilometer) completely automated rapid transport system serving the Puerto Rican municipalities of San Juan, Guaynabo, and Bayamon... Urbano Tren.
|Number of stations||16|
|Daily ridership||18,600 (avg. weekday)|
|Annual ridership||4,834,500 (2017)|
|Headquarters||Guaynabo, Puerto Rico|
San Juan, Puerto Rico, features a subway system named Tren Urbano, which provides speedy, pleasant journeys from the city's outskirts to the city's core. The single line of Tren Urbano extends 10.7 miles from Sagrado Corazon, just outside San Juan's tourism district, to the western suburb of Bayamon. It takes about an hour to travel the entire way around.
Tren Urbano opened in April 2009 and is operated by the municipal government. There are also local buses available for use within the city limits, but they are much slower than the trains and don't run along all the lines that the trains do.
Tren Urbano uses American-built vehicles with Taiwanese engines. There are cars and cabanas (coupe-like seating) for passengers, plus room for cargo on some cars. The lines are illuminated at night, and announcements in both English and Spanish inform riders when the next train will arrive.
The cost of a ride on Tren Urbano is $1.25 for adults, $0.65 for children under 12 years old, and free for children under six. A monthly pass costs $20.
There are plans to expand the Tren Urbano system, building new lines and extending the existing one to more neighborhoods within San Juan.
Regular fares are $1.50 USD. The Tren Urbano connects to the city's various forms of transportation, including the road and marine networks. There are intentions to expand, but no work has begun. The trains operate from 5:50 a.m. to 11:30 p.m., with a weekly frequency of 12 minutes and a weekend frequency of 16 minutes.
The Tren Urbano was created by the government of Puerto Rico as an affordable way for people to get around town. There are currently six lines with a total of 40 stations, with plans to add more lines and stations down the road.
The train uses a form of public transport called "tramvía" which means "electric tram". It runs on rubber tires instead of steel rails, and it is driven by electricity instead of diesel fuel. The trams can hold up to 50 people and they were originally built for tourists in Havana, Cuba, where they can be seen in many pictures from that time. They were also used in other cities around the world including Paris, France; Venice, Italy; and Toronto, Canada.
In Puerto Rico, there are two types of tickets: regular and dynamic. The dynamic ticket can be used on any vehicle that takes passengers within a certain zone for a certain amount of time.
The following is a list of all Latin American urban rail transport systems, ranked by passenger ridership. These systems are most usually referred to as metros (or subways in English), but they may also be referred to as subte, tren, or tranvia systems.
In addition to these metropolitan systems, several other large-scale rail projects are under construction or planned for Latin America. Two major transcontinental rail corridors are being built in South America: one from Brazil to Argentina and one from Venezuela to Chile. A third corridor is being constructed in Mexico between the states of Mexico and Guadalajara. Finally, an elevated train system known as Metrorrey is under construction in Rio de Janeiro.
Argentina: The Buenos Aires Underground, also called "Subway", is the largest underground railway system in the world by number of stations (170). It has been called the second-most-visited tourist attraction in Buenos Aires after football (soccer). The first section of the system opened in 1913 and today comprises about 1.5 million passengers per day. There are also older underground lines that date back to 1931.
Brazil: The Brazilian Federal Government owns and operates the majority of the subway/metro systems across the country. However, some cities have their own municipal governments with control over their own public transportation networks.