Despite the fact that Denmark is a party to the 1995 Schengen Agreement, only Schengen visas issued especially for Greenland travel are valid (see above). Visa applications for Denmark should be completed in 15 days, however they may take up to 60 days in rare situations. Applicants seeking Schengen visas must show that they have sufficient finances. The cost is 200 Danish kroner ($40) for single-entry visas, $60 for multiple-entry visas.
In addition to this, each traveler is required by law to carry with them when traveling into or through Denmark a valid passport. Also, unless you have been granted asylum, an immigration card is required if you remain in Denmark for more than three months.
As part of its border security policy, Denmark requires all visitors to register with the police within 24 hours of arrival. Those who fail to do so cannot claim any right to enter government property (such as national parks) or public facilities (such as museums).
The Government of Greenland has not implemented any plans to introduce a new visa policy. However, please note that it may decide to do so at any time.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs can answer any questions regarding visas for Greenland. Contact information can be found on page 21 of this guide.
Greenland is neither a member of the European Union or the Schengen accord. A visa issued for admission into Denmark or another Schengen nation is not valid for entry into Greenland. Greenland is neither a member of the EU nor a signatory to the Schengen Agreement.
However, since 1985, there has been free movement between Greenland and the other 26 countries that are part of the Schengen agreement. This means that people can travel on a single passport between all these countries without a visa or residence permit.
In addition to Denmark, other European countries that allow free movement with Greenland include Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Germany, and France. However, no such free movement is allowed with Russia or America. Both countries require a visa for entrance into Greenland.
There are two ways to enter Greenland: by air or by sea. All passengers must complete a customs declaration form upon arrival. Visitors may be required to pay a fee at certain points of entry, especially at the airport in Nuuk. There is no charge for entering through most border crossings but charges may be applied for special permits, such as those granted to journalists or researchers.
Traveling to Greenland with your own vehicle is possible, but requires a valid license from its mainland counterpart and proof of financial stability to cover any fines that might be levied.
Because Greenland is not a Schengen nation, you must pass through immigration as soon as you leave Denmark, whether from an airport or a seaport. Denmark, dude, is a really structured and sophisticated country. Your information will be recorded, as will the validity of your visa and the authorisation you obtained from the police. You'll also need to show your passport at immigration, even if you are a Danish citizen.
In fact, traveling with just your Danish ID card isn't enough; they want proof that you're allowed to be in Denmark. If you don't have another form of identification, like a credit card, then you'll need to get a residence permit. It used to be possible to apply online but this option was removed in 2014 because too many people were abusing it. Instead, you should apply in person at the Immigration Office in Nuuk (the capital).
Generally, the process takes less than an hour but it's best to prepare ahead of time by looking up what documents they might request from you before your appointment. For example, they might ask for an official translation of your language skills or provide special forms if you need evidence of health problems you had while living in another country.
Once you've passed the checks, you'll receive a receipt which must be shown when entering Greenland. This is necessary for security reasons - without it, you wouldn't be allowed into the country.
If you are a third-country national, you must have a Danish work and residence permission, as well as maybe a visa to Greenland, in addition to a possible municipal permit. To obtain a work and residence visa in Denmark, you must apply to the Danish Immigration Service. The process can be difficult if you cannot find anyone willing to hire you in Greenland, but if you can, you should start looking into visas as soon as possible.
In terms of documents needed to move to Greenland, the Danish Immigration Service requires that you submit: a letter of invitation from an employer in Greenland; proof of health insurance; and a blood sample for a genetic test. The letter of invitation is required because it shows that there is enough work for you to be hired. If you don't have one yet, you can make one up or get one signed by someone who knows you are moving to Greenland and has been approved by the Danish Immigration Service.
The blood sample is necessary to check if you have any diseases that would not allow you to work in Greenland. If the result comes back positive, you will not be allowed to enter the country. If this happens, you will need to find another way into Greenland.
Generally, the process takes about six months to a year, depending on how busy the Danes are and how many other applicants they may have.
If you are a Nordic citizen, you can freely go to Greenland to live and work. You do not require a visa, a work permit, or a residency permit to enter the country. The Government of Greenland allows foreign citizens to enter and stay in the country as long as they fulfill the conditions for permanent residence.
The new regulation came into effect on January 1, 2008. It was proposed by the Minister of Justice and Human Rights (DJI) and published in the Greenlandic Official Gazette on December 20, 2007. Before this date, there were no restrictions on where in Greenland people could reside. Previously, DJIs approval was required for any type of working contract beyond 30 days. There was also a restriction on who could become a permanent resident of Greenland: only Danish or Greenlandic nationals could apply for such status.
Why did Greenland change its policy? In 2006, a group of Danish citizens filed a lawsuit against the government for denying them the right to settle in Greenland. They argued that the previous rule prohibiting non-Greenlandics from becoming residents was unconstitutional because it violated their right to free movement under the European Convention on Human Rights. The case is still pending before the Greenlandic Supreme Court.