Children under the age of 16 who travel between the United States and Canada without both of their parents or a legal guardian are designated "unaccompanied minors" and must obtain special authorization at both countries' borders to avoid abductions and runaways. In order to do so, they must provide valid identification that shows their name and date of birth, as well as evidence of relationship to the parent or guardian who is granting permission for their travel.
In addition, all children traveling between the United States and Canada by themselves must complete an online form called an I-20 Request for Travel Document. This form can be completed from any computer with Internet access and takes about 20 minutes to complete. It must be printed out and signed by the child's parent or guardian before it can be submitted to US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) at least five days prior to departure.
Once your I-20 has been approved by CBP, this document becomes the child's passport. The child must present this passport upon arrival at each of the country's ports of entry to confirm his or her identity and nationality.
If you are being detained by CBP while they investigate your case, they may release you while they determine what action to take. If you are not released, you will likely be placed in one of two programs: Remain in Mexico or Return Home.
In Canada, children under the age of 18 are considered minors. To enter Canada, they must follow the same regulations as any other traveler. Minors who seek to enter Canada without proper paperwork or who are accompanied by adults other than their parents or legal guardian(s) will be subjected to increased scrutiny. Parents or guardians may apply for a Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) on behalf of their minor child.
The process of entering Canada through an international border station is similar to that of entering at a land border port of entry. You will need to provide evidence of identity and citizenship, proof of address (if required by country), and evidence of travel insurance. If applicable, you will also need a passport picture, payment for a visa application fee, and proof of funds to cover the cost of the visit.
Minors can enter Canada with only their parent/guardian's TRP, but they can't work in Canada and would not be able to extend their visitor's permit beyond its initial validity period. If your child turns 18 during their stay in Canada, they will need to find employment to prove that they can support themselves while here. There are certain jobs where this is not required; for example, if your child is traveling alone over 16 years old, then they can go to Canada without working.
People aged 19 to 24 can enter Canada as tourists or workers. The latter category includes those who have been granted a seasonal work permit.
"Children" are defined as individuals aged 17 and under while entering Canada. Minors traveling alone between the US and Canada must display a valid passport at all border crossings. A passport is the sole valid form of identification for air travel, regardless of age.
Minors traveling alone between the US and Canada must display a valid passport at all border crossings. A passport is the sole valid form of identification for air travel, regardless of age. You do not require a visa to travel to either nation for study or tourism if you are a citizen of either country.
Consent Letter for a Minor Child to Cross the US-Canada Border The lawful parent(s) or guardian(s) of the minor kid named below is/are the signer(s) of this letter. I/We hereby provide our permission for the minor kid to accompany the responsible adult (s) mentioned in this letter on the excursion stated below.
Children between the ages of 12 and 17 may travel alone without limitation. The Unaccompanied Minor Service is voluntary, but if requested, the service's limitations will apply. Minors may be accompanied by adults who are at least 16 years old. Such adults must provide evidence of their identity and relationship to the child by providing a birth certificate or other proof of identification.
Minors cannot board any flight until they reach the age of 11, but this rule is waived for children traveling within Canada with an adult over the age of 18. Children under the age of 6 cannot sit in the same row as their parent or guardian on an airplane.
Parents should always check with their airline to make sure that the policy applies to their circumstances. Some airlines allow minors to board earlier if they are traveling with adults over the age of 21 who are also allowed to travel alone.
Minor travelers should use common sense when deciding what documents they need with them when checking in for their flight. The airline could request any one of these items: passport, visa, birth certificate, academic record, athletic record, or other evidence of identity and residence status.
If you are a minor and want to travel to Canada alone, first talk with your parents and get their permission. Next, contact the Embassy of Canada in your country for information about how to do it.
Children's Group Travel U.S. and Canadian citizens ages 16 to 18 traveling between the two countries with school, religious, cultural, or sports organizations and under adult supervision will also be permitted to travel with simply evidence of citizenship, such as a birth certificate. An application for a visa should be made if additional permission is needed.
Those under 16 years old must have a consent letter from their parents or legal guardians to visit Canada. The letter must be notarized and include details on where the child will stay while in the country and any other requirements that may be placed on the child. Children cannot apply for their own visas but instead must go through their parent or guardian who can file an application on their behalf.
The age limit applies to both boys and girls. There are no specific requirements based on religion, culture, or sports activities beyond what is required of all travelers.
Canada requires children to be vaccinated against many diseases before they can enter the country. These vaccines include polio, measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), haemophilus influenza type B, hepatitis B, and varicella (chickenpox).
It is the responsibility of the traveler to provide proof of vaccination upon entering Canada.
Minors under the age of 15 may travel to Canada by land or water with only their birth certificates from the United States. Because you will not be traveling with your parents, you must obtain written permission from both parents. If either parent refuses to give consent, then the minor cannot travel to Canada.