An Egyptian guy climbed to the top of the Great Pyramid of Giza earlier this year, dismantling portions of a 19th-century wooden pole constructed to measure the pyramid's height and throwing stones at security personnel. He said he was trying to promote tourism in Egypt and create public awareness about environmental issues.
Yes, the pyramids are still being climbed. In fact, there are several websites that list people who have made it to the top of these monuments. Most recently, an Indian woman named Geetal Joginder has become the first female rappeller to reach the top of this pillar.
The oldest record of someone climbing one of the pyramids is a French man by the name of Eugène Bastian. In 1884, he removed a stone block from inside the base of the monument to look for treasure. When he didn't find anything, he just left the block on the roof and went home. Many more people have since followed his lead. In 2001, an American engineer named Peter Michael Davenport reached the top of the Great Pyramid using a self-made rappelling device. He stayed only a few minutes but it was enough time for him to send out a press release.
No, the pyramids were not built as remote viewing sites for aliens. They were created as giant tombstones for Egyptians who lived hundreds of years ago.
The Great Pyramid of Giza, located on the west bank of the Nile River north of Cairo in Egypt, is the only ancient global wonder that has survived to the current day. The almost symmetrical Egyptian pyramids were constructed without the use of modern tools or surveying technology. They are estimated to have taken about 20,000 workers between 25 and 50 years to build.
The pyramid shape was not originally intended to be used for tombs, as was previously thought; it was designed primarily to display the power and prestige of the ruler on whose tomb they were built. However, after their builders died these monuments became burial sites for their owners.
There are seven different types of pyramids found around the world, but only four of them exist today: the Great Pyramid at Giza, the Little Pyramid at Saqqara, the White Pyramid at Khufu, and the Red Pyramid at Cheops. The Great Pyramid at Giza is by far the largest structure of its kind. It is also the oldest, dating back to approximately 2680 BC. By comparison, the Little Pyramid at Saqqara is much smaller but it's still considered a great pyramid because it shows that the Egyptians had the technology to build such large structures long before they built the Great Pyramid at Giza.
Modern scholars believe that both the Great Pyramid at Giza and the Little Pyramid at Saqqara were built as final resting places for Pharaohs.
Getting the massive stone blocks to the proper height was a serious issue for the architects of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids. The procedure depicted on the left is the only one that has been proved to have been employed. The ramps were constructed on slanted planes of mud brick and debris. They started at the bottom of the side of the hill or mountain and ended at the top where vehicles could drive up them.
There are different opinions about how high the ramps went. Some experts believe they were only 30 meters (100 feet) tall, but others think they might have reached 70 meters (230 feet). Either way, this wasn't enough height to reach the top of the pyramid without some kind of aid.
The architects probably used obelisks, which are very tall pillars with a flat top, as a reference point to know how high they needed to build their ramps. With this in mind, it's not that surprising that all the pyramids built so far have been aligned towards the north-south axis. This means that they all get a clear view of the sky at sunset, which helps guide archaeologists toward new sites to investigate.
Besides having the right height, the ramps also had to be wide enough to accommodate a vehicle driving up them.
They discovered a ramp that they believe was used to haul massive alabaster chunks of stone up the pyramids through a two-way pulley system. Archaeologists have previously agreed that workers at the pyramids employed a ramp system to lift stone blocks up the pyramid, but how this mechanism operated has long been a mystery. The new study shows that the ramps were probably made of many thin layers of wood attached to each other with ropes and pulled up the steep slope of the pyramid.
The researchers based their conclusion on studies of the ramps inside the pyramids themselves as well as on comparisons with similar structures outside the Egyptian territory. They found that the ramps had an uneven surface made out of horizontal boards stacked on top of each other. These boards could be made of saplings or trees cut down in the desert and brought into the city for use as building materials. The weight of passersby walking on the upper board would have been enough to pull it up, thus raising the entire structure.
This new finding confirms that the Egyptians built the pyramids as religious monuments. However, they also used the opportunity to develop their technology by using innovative techniques that are still applied today in some construction projects.