A Yellow Fever vaccination certificate is only necessary for travelers 1 year of age and older who are departing from-or transiting through-a country with a risk of Yellow Fever transmission for more than 12 hours. This certification can be obtained online at www.yellowfever.com or by contacting the nearest WHO Collaborating Center.
Those without evidence of immunity should be vaccinated at least 10 days before travel.
Neither vaccination is required for citizens of Kenya traveling for less than 12 hours or who are not entering the country.
Yellow fever (2013) A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travelers over the age of one who arrive from countries where yellow fever transmission is possible, omitting Guyana, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago but including Sao Tome and Principe, Somalia, and the United Republic of Tanzania...
These are the only countries that require a vaccine to enter. If you plan to visit any of these countries, make sure you get proof of vaccination before you travel.
People who have not been vaccinated can still travel to these countries if they follow certain precautions. For example, people who have not been immunized but who do not want to take any risks should not travel to Brazil.
The best way to avoid getting sick with yellow fever is by being vaccinated. However, if you do come into contact with the virus, there are measures you can take to reduce the risk of getting sick. For example, people who are infected with yellow fever should not go to work or school for two days after the onset of symptoms to allow time for the immune response to develop.
There is no specific treatment for yellow fever except to relieve symptoms. Hospitalization may be necessary if you show signs of severe illness. Such signs include high temperatures, severe headaches, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dark urine, and decreased consciousness.
The mortality rate for yellow fever is approximately 1 in 4 cases.
All travelers 9 months of age and older must have a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate upon arrival. This country requires immunization for yellow fever protection since the main mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti, is present on its territory.
Most people are protected against yellow fever for the rest of their lives if they receive the yellow fever vaccination. A second dose of vaccination is advised for a limited number of visitors visiting yellow fever risk areas, including individuals who were previously vaccinated when pregnant or under the age of two. The vaccine may be given as part of a series of shots over several months.
People who live in or visit countries where the disease is found should be aware of the risks involved with traveling to these areas. In addition, those who work with vaccines or travel to infected areas could be at risk of being exposed to the virus. Vaccination is therefore recommended for travelers to regions where yellow fever is present.
Yellow fever vaccination is free of charge through the GAVI Alliance's immunization programs for children in developing countries. The alliance also supports other forms of prevention such as mosquito control and understanding how the virus is spread.
The best time to get your shot is before you go on your trip. If you miss this chance, there is no need to worry about getting sick since immunity develops after three complete doses of the vaccine. However, if you are already immune-compromised due to diseases such as HIV or cancer, then you should not get the vaccine. Discuss any allergies with your doctor first before receiving the shot.
Yellow fever has no treatment, thus prevention is essential. The yellow fever vaccination is recommended for adults and children over the age of 9 months who are going to or residing in areas where yellow fever is a recognized risk. There is no evidence that suggests a person can get yellow fever after being vaccinated.
Vaccination should be given by a health care professional who knows how to administer it and follows proper safety procedures. If you miss your chance to be vaccinated, then once you have traveled to an area where yellow fever is found, you should be revaccinated at least 10 days before you travel back home.
There is no cure for yellow fever but there are treatments available if you develop symptoms of infection. In fact, without intervention, approximately half of people infected with yellow fever will die.
The best defense against yellow fever is a vaccine. However, since there is no cure for the disease, vaccinations are important for travelers to areas where yellow fever is found so medical professionals know what to do if you become ill with symptoms such as fever, pain, weakness, or nausea.
Yellow fever vaccine is suggested for all tourists 9 months of age and older for their safety, as half of this country is in the yellow fever endemic zone. Vaccination is not required if visiting solely the provinces of Afar and Somalia.
An international vaccination certificate is valid for 10 days following immunization. Recommended for: All visitors visiting countries and locations where yellow fever transmission is a danger, as well as when nations demand it.
Vaccination is recommended for travelers to areas where the disease is present, such as South America and Africa. The vaccine is given in three shots over six months. A booster shot is needed 11 years later.
There are no restrictions on traveling after a yellow fever vaccination.
African nations where a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate is required Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameron, Central African Republic, Congo, Cote d'lvoire, DRC, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Niger, Togo are among the countries that mandate immunization for all visitors above the age of 9 months or one year.
These countries issue their own vaccines; therefore, travelers should obtain a certificate confirming immunity before leaving home. If you plan to visit more than one country on this list, it's advisable to get vaccinated against yellow fever at least once while in Africa.
The only other continent where the disease is found is America, and many people have been infected there. In fact, during an outbreak in 1952, over 7,000 Americans were sickened by the virus.
But the United States has the resources to control the disease because everyone living there can be reached by health officials if they see something wrong. In Africa, however, many people live far from large cities, and there are no official controls once outbreaks begin.
During a yellow fever outbreak, avoid non-essential travel to affected areas. Stay away from schools unless they are fully vaccinated. If you must go to an infected area, do so only during daylight hours and stay inside until it's time to leave.
The best way to prevent infection is through vaccination.