Ulaanbaatar In Mongolia's Tuv Province, you will live and work among nomads. Nomads live in gers, which are traditional tents. With huge open fields and mountains around you, take advantage of your spare time to explore the region.
Have a look at these facts about living with Mongolian nomads:
They do not have passports or any other form of ID. All they have is a herder's license that allows them to move their animals from place to place. Most Mongolians are nomads because there is no work in rural areas. There are some efforts trying to change this but it is difficult when almost everyone is involved in livestock breeding and hunting.
Nomadic life is hard. The families that we stayed with had only just enough money to feed themselves and pay for their children's education. If the family business fails, they will probably have to start all over again - which can mean years of wandering aimlessly with nothing to protect yourself from the elements.
People think that being a nomad is great freedom but it isn't. You don't have a fixed address, so you cannot claim social security benefits, such as health insurance or old-age pensions. Your family doesn't have any money, so they can't afford to buy you a new leg or arm if you break yours while riding herd.
The circular white tents of nomads may be found in almost every landscape in Mongolia. These tent buildings are known as yurts in the West; they are known as gers in the East (pronounced gair). They are the principal residence of around 1 million nomads. The yurt is a simple, lightweight structure made of wool or cotton cloth and animal skin. It can be either one- or two-storied. The top story usually has only one room while the lower story has several smaller rooms. A yurt can hold up to six people. There is also a three-roomed gers for visitors.
Nomadic life is centered around the family unit that lives in the gers. Usually there are between five and eight families who travel together in a single group. The men of the family work with their livestock, while the women take care of housework and children. When not traveling, the family stays in gers which are put up each night before sunset.
Nomads depend on livestock for their livelihood. The typical Mongolian household includes cows, horses, sheep, pigs, and dogs. Milk products such as milk and cheese are important components in the diet. Meat is also widely used and has become quite expensive in modern times. Many nomads have started to depend on farming as an additional source of income.
Traditional clothing is still worn by many older nomads.
Modern Mongolia is deeply rooted in its nomadic herding culture. This is still the way of life for a large portion of the country's rural population. Today, however, about 70% of the country's three million inhabitants reside in metropolitan areas, with Ulaanbaatar alone housing roughly half of all Mongolians.
The capital city of Ulaanbaatar has better health care facilities than most countries with a similar level of development. It has emergency rooms at major hospitals, and there are also medical centers that provide more specialized treatment such as rehabilitation services for injured people.
Mongolia is a land of extremes: cold in winter, hot during summer when temperatures can reach 50 degrees Celsius. However, modern technology has brought some changes to the lifestyle of Mongols which have led to new diseases emerging due to lack of awareness about health issues. For example, obesity has become a problem for young people because they eat well but exercise less. Also, the number of people suffering from diabetes has increased because the diet consists mainly of meat and vegetables without any kind of fruit or vegetable juices.
Mongolian medicine is based on traditional practices combined with Western medicine. Only doctors who have completed several years of study are allowed to practice. They work at hospitals that usually include a mixture of private and public clinics.
There is no specific health risk for humans living in Mongolia because of the nature of their work.
The herds subsist on the soil, while the nomads subsist on the milk and flesh of their animals. The ger is central to Mongolian family life. These enormous, movable tents composed of felt, plastic tarps, and ornamental wooden slats keep nomadic families warm in some of the world's harshest weather. Within the tent, a family's belongings are stored in large chests called gersichs. These are usually made of wood, but metal ones also exist.
Nomadic people have been migrating with their livestock across Asia for thousands of years. Modern-day Mongolia is home to more than 700,000 ethnic Mongols who live in rural communities and cities alike. Most still depend on agriculture and herding for their livelihood. However many young people have moved to towns and cities to find work.
In conclusion, the traditional lifestyle of the Mongolian people has changed over time but their culture has not. They are still living in gers, eating horse-milk yogurt, and performing traditional ceremonies.
The nomads are herders who normally keep 1,000 animals, principally sheep and goats but sometimes cows, horses, dogs, camels, and yaks. You may think of them as ranchers that relocate their ranch on a periodic basis.
They travel with their livestock across the grasslands of Mongolia looking for pasture for their animals. When they find good grazing, they set up camp and stay for several months at a time. Then they move on to another location.
Nomadic people began moving into Mongolia about 500 years ago. Over the centuries, more than 100,000 Russian Orthodox Christians have moved here from other parts of Russia to settle in towns like Vladivostok and Khabarovsk. Many of these settlers were farmers who brought their agricultural skills with them. They established small farms near cities or along roads so they could sell their products and make a living.
Some of the families had been migrating between their home country and Mongolia for several generations. They used to work on trans-Siberian trains or in gold mines in Siberia before coming to Mongolia to start new lives. With money saved over the years, they bought land in rural areas and became farmers.
Others came from more humble backgrounds. Some were soldiers or criminals who were granted amnesty and allowed to become farmers under government programs.