You may go overseas if you are a lawful permanent resident (green-card holder) who achieved such status as a result of your granted asylum claim, but only with a Refugee Travel Document. As a naturalized US citizen, you have the right to travel freely, including to the nation where you claim to be persecuted. However, if you are denied entry into another country, that country can refuse to grant you a new visa or permit.
As part of its commitment to protect vulnerable populations from violence and persecution, the United States must ensure that those who need protection can obtain it. In order to do so, they must be able to enter and leave the country. Therefore, if you claimed asylem and were granted refugee status, you should be able to travel to and from Sweden safely. However, if Swedish authorities determine that you have changed your mind and no longer qualify as a refugee, then you would no longer be allowed to stay in Sweden. You would also no longer be allowed to enter Sweden.
If you are caught traveling without a valid document or overstaying your visa, you could be removed from the United States. Even if you are not at risk in your country of origin, there is no guarantee that other countries will accept you as a refugee. Before you travel, it's important to understand what would happen if you were to be arrested or detained by foreign officials.
Although permanent residents can normally enter the United States with a green card (after a one-year absence), other nations may require a travel document. In this sense, a refugee travel document is similar to a passport. An "applicant" for asylum cannot get a refugee travel document. Instead, an applicant must prove that he or she has a well-founded fear of persecution if returned to their country of origin.
As with all forms of identification, a refugee travel document will be denied to anyone who does not provide all required information or includes fraudulent information. In addition, certain categories of individuals are excluded from receiving travel documents. These include foreign nationals who are subject to mandatory detention under any international agreement; foreign nationals who have been determined by the Secretary of State to be a threat to national security or public safety; and foreign nationals who have been convicted of certain crimes including terrorism offenses, espionage, and war crimes.
This form of protection is also available to victims of human trafficking who cannot be removed from the United States because of their status. In order to be granted withholding of removal, an individual must demonstrate that his or her life would be threatened in their country of origin due to one of several enumerated factors.
Anyone granted asylum or refugee status in the United States is permitted to travel worldwide. However, in order to return to the United States, he or she must first get refugee travel credentials. These can be obtained by any U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) office that issued the original grant of protection.
Those who do not require a visa to enter the United States may still need one if they wish to stay here for longer than 90 days. All other foreigners will need a visa if they want to stay in America for more than 30 days.
As long as you have a valid passport and a return ticket, you should have no problem traveling to Iraq. However, like most countries, Iraq has restricted entry to citizens so if you cannot produce sufficient documents to prove your identity and nationality, you will not be allowed to enter.
You should also know that there are certain areas of Iraq where it is not advisable for tourists to go. These include parts of the Kurdistan region as well as ISIS-controlled territory. If you decide to visit these places, make sure you obtain information about them from local authorities or travel guides before going.
Technically, asylum seekers can go outside the United States, but this is typically not a smart idea. If you still want to travel, you must file Form I-131, Application for Travel Document, to USCIS in order to acquire "advance parole" (permission to reenter the U.S. before your application is approved).
Asylum applicants should understand that if they leave the country, it could affect the processing of their case. In other words, even though they may be granted withholding of removal or protection under the Convention Against Torture, this does not mean that they will be allowed to stay in the United States. They would need to apply for another type of visa.
It's important for asylum applicants to remain in the country while their cases are being processed. This allows them time to appear at hearings and provide evidence that supports their claims.
Some countries will not issue visas to individuals who have been granted asylum in the United States. Therefore, it's important for asylum seekers to discuss their options with a lawyer before they travel so that they know what kind of visa they need and how to get it.
However, while a passport can be replaced if lost or stolen, a refugee travel document can only be replaced if it was issued by an American consulate or embassy.
In addition, unlike with a passport, there are no additional fees for using a refugee travel document. If you have any questions about how a refugee travel document works or needs to be renewed, please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate in your country of residence.
A refugee who has a valid permit to work in the United States can apply for citizenship after five years of residency if they meet certain requirements. For more information on how to become a citizen, visit the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services website.