The country-based quota system used by US Citizenship and Immigration Services is what is driving this disparate and fundamentally discriminatory treatment (USCIS). Individuals from any specific country of origin may be awarded no more than 7% of the total number of visas in a given category, according to USCIS regulations. As such, people from under-represented countries are likely to be excluded from the process even if they meet all other requirements for admission.
Some countries are over-represented in the visa pool while others are not. Based on the most recent data, black Africans were granted about 1.5 million visas between 2002 and 2012, while asians were granted around 7 million and whites around 12 million. This means that asians were granted almost half of all visas issued during that period.
In addition to these nationality-based disparities, individuals from certain countries are also likely to be denied a visa if an American employer does not have a job offer available or if they find evidence of past criminal activity on their record. There are also several categories of aliens who are ineligible to become naturalized citizens; including those who have been convicted of certain crimes, have outstanding debts to federal agencies, or are subject to certain orders for removal from the United States.
It is important to note that none of these factors determine your eligibility to apply for a visa. They are all part of the general screening process for admissibility into the United States.
The quota awarded immigration visas to 2% of each nationality's total population in the United States as of the 1890 national census. It barred Asian immigrants entirely. The policy was designed to benefit American workers by giving them priority for jobs, and to keep European Americans competitive with other countries who were also restricting immigration.
The Chinese exclusion act was part of a general anti-Chinese movement in the United States. It was proposed by Representative Peter J. Porter (R-PA) and adopted by the 57th Congress on March 3, 1882. The act was aimed at stopping the influx of illegal Chinese laborers into the country and preventing future enticements from doing so as well. It was replaced by the Immigration Act of 1917, which abolished all immigration restrictions based on nationality or race.
The primary purpose of the Japanese exclusion law was to prevent Japanese immigrants from taking American jobs. They were not excluded because of their skill or ability; rather, they were excluded because they were foreign and therefore could be expected to become citizens or residents of Japan.
The law was passed during an era when the treatment of aliens was a federal matter, not one regulated by individual states. As such, it had unlimited power to exclude aliens from entering the country.
An immigration quota system is a method of limiting immigration depending on the nation of origin of the immigrant; it was first used in the United States by the Quota Act of 1921. The amount of persons authorized to immigrate from specified nations was limited by this statute. In addition, the Act required that, except for certain relatives of U.S. citizens, immigrants had to pay a quota fee to apply for a visa.
These quotas were later replaced with a point-based system called "selective admission". This system awards points to applicants who meet certain requirements and uses a point cap to determine who can be admitted into the country. For example, an applicant who is affiliated with an institution in the United States may be able to obtain a visa by presenting evidence of how their affiliation will benefit the institution. Countries whose citizens are not permitted to enter the United States can file a lawsuit if they believe that their national interest is not being protected by the current system. For example, India has filed such a case against the United States over its refusal to grant visas to Indian workers seeking employment in the United States.
Quotas and other restrictions on immigration have been used by many countries as a tool for controlling labor markets and preserving jobs for natives. Although they have been criticized for excluding immigrants who would make a positive contribution to society, they do provide some protection for those who cannot easily find work elsewhere.
Under current legislation, citizens of all foreign countries are eligible for up to 7% (about 26,000) of visas awarded under the family-based and employment-based priority categories. The current quota cutoff dates are announced regularly in the State Department Visa Bulletin. As of January 2017, these were:
Family Quotas - December 31, 2016
Employment Quotas - November 30, 2015
The annual adjustment of both quotas is based on estimates of each country's population by age group. For example, if Japan's population was estimated to be 127 million people, its visa allocation would be increased by about 16,500 visas. If actual births over deaths exceed this amount, more countries will be selected; if fewer people are born or die than expected, some countries may be excluded from the selection process.
No, because of the large number of applicants this is not possible. This means that the officer reviews your application and decides quickly whether or not he/she will ask you questions during the interview. If you are approved without interviewing then you will receive a letter in the mail informing you of the decision.